البحث السادس – قطَّاع الثروة الحيوانية في شمال غرب سوريا، تقييم الواقع الراهن ، المشاكل والاحتياجات الأساسية

شملت الدراسة ستة مجتمعات محلية مختلفة، ثلاث منها في محافظة إدلب وهي كفر دريان، كفر عروق وكللي وثلاثة في محافظة حلب وهي باتبو، كفر ناصح ودارة عزة. وذلك خلال شهر نيسان من العام الحالي (2020) من خلال لقاءات مع أشخاص مفتاحيين من هذه المجتمعات، وقد تبين بالمجمل أنَّ 65٪ من الأسر تعاني من وضع سيء في حين أنَّ 31٪ من الأسر في وضع معيشي سيء جداً.  وأنَّ 60 ٪ من سكان هذه المجتمعات يعملون في الزراعة ويواجهون مشاكل اقتصادية واجتماعية كبيرة. وقد بلغ إجمالي أعداد مربي الثروة الحيوانية في منطقة الدراسة 24691 مربي، حيث بلغ أعداد مربي الأغنام 7399 ومربي الأبقار 1761 ومربي الماعز 415، ومربي الدجاج 15116. ويعاني 54٪ من المربين من انعدام توافر المراعي لحيواناتهم، كما يعاني 15 ٪ منهم من سوء نوعية الأعلاف، بينما تُعتبر أسعار الأعلاف بالسوق المحلية مرتفعة بالنسبة ل 81٪ منهم. ويحصل 85٪ منهم فقط على الخدمات البيطرية، ويحتاج ما يزيد عن 65٪ منهم إلى دعم في اللقاحات البيطرية، والأدوية الطبية والتلقيح الاصطناعي والأعلاف لزيادة إنتاجية حيواناتهم، حيث يتراوح متوسط احتياجهم الشهري من الأعلاف ما يقارب 583 كغ، ذلك رغم توافر معامل الأعلاف ضمن المنطقة نسبيا. إضافة لحاجتهم الكبيرة لسلاسل تبريد لحفظ وتسويق المنتجات.

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